Moose Lake Star Gazette - Serving Carlton and Pine Counties Since 1895

By Lois E Johnson
Moose Lake Star-Gazette 

Changing history books, altering the future

Moose Lake grad shares humanity's history the world in new book


October 4, 2018

Lois E. Johnson

Terry Kero told the Social Studies students at Moose Lake High School about migrations of man from east Africa to as far away as the United States on Friday, Sept. 21. Kero, a former Moose Lake resident, has published a trilogy of three books on the subject.

Moose Lake Social Studies students learned about the migration routes of early man on Friday, Sept. 21, when they listened to Terry Kero, a former Moose Lake resident and author of the trilogy, "Walking the World."

"Everybody's ancestors in the world came from Africa," Kero told the students. "In a book by Oxford University professor Stephen Oppenheimer, he wrote that it was 80,000 years ago when humans first left Africa and slowly migrated to Europe, Asia, and the Americas. And that has been supported by DNA. At that time the total population was about 30,000 people living in small tribes or clans. They were hunter-gatherers. Women gathered edible fruits and plants, and men hunted animals for food. They lived that way for 70,000 years until they first domesticated crops and animals about 10,000 years ago.

Kero said the tribes took migration paths mostly along rivers, where they were able to find fresh water and food.

"They took fish from the rivers and could hunt animals that came to the river for water," he explained. "There was also a lot of edible vegetation along the rivers."

Kero described major Ice Ages, where the ocean levels dropped 200 to 300 feet. And a massive volcanic explosion that occurred in Indonesia 74,000 years ago that affected the migration eastward toward India and Asia. "After several feet thick of ash covered all of India the hunter-gatherers stopped going eastward and went into Pakistan and found a huge fertile valley where the winds from the Himalayan mountains kept the ashes from the volcano away," Kero told the students.

"Later, some of the tribes migrated towards Europe and others went into eastern Asia", he added. When a massive global warm climate change occurred 35,000 to 25,000 years ago, the land from the eastern Pacific coast to the western Atlantic coast became very fertile and plants and animal herds flourished, and many tribes headed north to Europe and Siberia.

"In my first book, I wrote about the migration from Africa to Finland," said Kero. "A tribe slowly went up the Volga River into Russia after the Last Ice Age ended about 12,000 years ago."

During the Last Ice Age, Finland, Sweden and Norway were frozen, he explained.

"The ancestors of the Finns first went into southern Finland 6,000 years ago and the Saami tribe migrated up the Norwegian coast and reached Lapland in northern Finland 10,000 years ago," he said. "When I had my DNA analyzed, my father's ancestors were the original Finns, but I had a big shock. My mother's ancestors were the Saami, the indigenous tribe. I liked it; it meant that I was a double Finn."

Kero explained why people did not retain the dark skin tones they had in Africa.

"The genetic mutation occurred in people going north," he said. "When man lived near the Equator, the ultra-violet light was most high. The dark skin protected them.

"As humans slowly moved north, they needed less protection. And they also wore more clothing."

Kero said he researched a similar migration pattern to the fertile Indus River Valley in Pakistan for Book Two and Book Three. In Book Two several tribes moved east to Thailand and later to China.

His third book follows the migration route up to northern Asia and eastward in Siberia, across the Bering land bridge during the Last Ice Age, and into what is now North America.

"They did it all by mostly walking and using a few rafts and canoes," he said. "They finally reached North America about 20,000 years ago."

Kero explained the first America migration brought the people down to the Columbia River in Washington. Half of the people followed the Columbia and Snake Rivers to the Missouri River east and to the Mississippi River.

"That tribe broke up," he explained. "One group went up the Ohio River to Pennsylvania. The other group went to Texas. Scientists have dated artifacts found there to 16,000 years ago. The group that didn't go east in Washington went south down the Pacific west coast to California to the area around Santa Barbara and probably reached there about 17,000 years ago. Scientists have age-dated bones found there to 13,000 years ago. Some of this west coast group continued south to Mexico where bones have been age dated also 13,000 years ago. Also, some of this group continued farther south to South America and Chili where human artifacts have been age dated to 14,000 years ago."

"All of this is evidence of the first migrations to the Americas."

Another major natural disaster occurred and impacted the tribes that lived in Pennsylvania and Texas.

"A huge comet exploded 12,800 years ago over southeastern Canada," said Kero. "It scorched most of the Earth all the way to the Pacific west coast.

"Those tribes that were inside caves may have survived at that time, but when they came out, there was nothing to eat. The tribes in Pennsylvania and Texas became extinct."

A second migration from the Bering Land Bridge came south down an ice corridor inside Alaska and Canada about 100 years after the Comet explosion, Kero explained.

"A group reached northern Montana 12,000 year ago and followed the Missouri River to the Mississippi," said Kero. "From there, they broke into two groups. One tribe went north up the Mississippi to Minnesota and were ancestors of the Sioux tribe. The other tribe went east up the Ohio River and to the east coast and were the ancestors of the Chippewa tribe. Later after the Europeans migrated to eastern North America the Chippewa tribe moved west along the Great Lakes using their famous large birch bark canoes to migrate to Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota."

"The Chippewa and Sioux Indians are two of the largest and most famous tribes. In their DNA, both the Sioux and Chippewa have Type X DNA. That told us that one tribe had probably split apart many years ago after migrating to the United States.

Kero said in the third migration to North America about 12, 500 years ago, a tribe migrated east along rivers and on the east side of the Rocky Mountains they split apart and one group continued east and became the ancestors of several tribes including the Cherokee, the largest tribe in the USA. One group moved south down to New Mexico and became the ancestors of the Navajo, Pueblo, and the Choctaw. The Choctaw later migrated to Mississippi.

Kero said his wife is part Choctaw, her parents grew up in Mississippi and had a grandparent who was part Choctaw. His wife also has African ancestors.

Finnish American Kero told the students in conclusion, "We are all one race. The human race."

Terry Kero (AKA Flom) was born in Moose Lake, later his family moved to Miami. Kero graduated from Georgia Tech with a degree in electrical engineering and moved to California and worked in Silicon Valley most of his career. Kero now lives in San Francisco with his wife, Takoma, a retired dentist; his daughter Britney is an accountant and daughter Kaila is an interior designer.

He said doing research is his labor of love. Writing is a chore.

His research and books have changed history.

"My second book was set in Thailand," he said. "It is going into Bangkok's city library and in the universities. The Thais thought they came from China and still believe that way. But the universities have realized that what I have written is right and that is what they are teaching now. It takes a while to change the history books."

For more information, contact or

The three books are available online on and Apple iBook.


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